terça-feira, 22 de setembro de 2015

The 12 works of Tsipras after victory

But, bad finish to savor the victory and the new Parliament to be constituted, legislators will have to face reality; must vote no less than 31 measures required by lenders and signed by 13 July the Tsipras in Exchange for a new rescue.

Harsh measures but inevitable, according to analyst and professor of political science at the University of Athens, Dimitris Sotiropoulos:

"Only a few months Left until the end of the year and it is in this very short period of time we have run the recapitalisation of banks. If that doesn't happen it's very likely to happen a bail-in, which will dramatically affect the deposits of Greek citizens in Greek banks "

Under the terms of the agreement, Athens will have a third rescue worth 86 billion euros, of which the first installment of 3 billion euros coming in November, and the opening of negotiations on the restructuring of Greek debt.

But first, the Parliament will have to approve the increase in the tax on the income of farmers, from 13% to 26%, a measure facing great challenge.

It still must add the increase of three percentage points, to 29 percent, the tax on income from business people and companies.

The new Government also will restructure the pension funds, which means major reductions in the income of pensioners, already hit by six years of austerity. In addition, the minimum pension, 360 euros in 2015, will be indexed to the evolution of GDP and prices, which can lead to an automatic reduction of pensions, given that Greece is in recession and deflation.

The Euronews correspondent in Athens, Stamatis Giannisis, moves forward with further clarification about the moment that Greece passes through:

Euronews: the Syriza surpassed the expectations of even the most optimistic supporters and got a landslide victory against new democracy. How is that possible?

Stamatis Giannisis: the election results clearly showed that the Syriza Alexis Tsipras and, in particular, continue to be very popular for most of the Greeks; Despite the fact that, last July, the party of the radical left have done a spectacular policy reversal and have accepted the terms dictated by lenders of Greece, in Exchange for a new Rescue Agreement. But the Syriza was once again the votes with Mr Tsipras as spearhead was unquestionable victory on his centre-right rival, Mr Meimarakis, who in the eyes of voters appeared too old and too conservative in comparison with Alexis Tsipras.

And: one of the reasons of Alexis Tsipras go vote the Division within the party. But the extreme-left wing Syriza, the Popular Union failed anywhere in Parliament. What happened?

SG: it was a surprise the fact the Popular Union didn't get a single place. Even though about a quarter of the Members and executives of Syriza in previous Parliament have left the party when Mr Tsipras woke up the terms of the new rescue agreement with the country's creditors. But that turned out to do was this rebellious party ended up stuck between the Syriza and of the Communist Party of Greece. While other anti-resgate voters chose to abstain or vote for left-wing parties, which also failed to seats in Parliament.

And: Tsipras insist on continuing to rule with the help of his partner of ultra right, the Greek Independent Party. Why does he insist on this ideologically Alliance almost profane, when there are at least three parties of the Center and center-left opposition? Not to mention that, before the elections, the centre-right new democracy supported the Syriza in the Parliament when the agreement with creditors.

SG: Although ideologically incompatible at this stage partnership with the Greek Independent Party is a safer choice for Mr. Tsipras. In addition to the need to command a majority in Parliament, to remain in power, he also wants to take over the Greek political spectrum to the center-left. The continue their alliance with a far-right party makes do not have to share power with a party ideologically close, at least for now. Although it is possible that in the future the Syruza will make such alliances provided you continue to keep the lead role in the centre-left of Greece.

And: Tsipras said the clear mandate that won yesterday gives you the opportunity to present your vision. He also said that his Government will start working immediately. What can we expect, given that many hard reformais will have to be implemented quickly?

SG: a: this new Government has a very tough period ahead. Within the next month and a half, a series of austerity measures resulting from the agreement last July with the creditors, must be approved by Parliament. That won't be so easy this time Mr. Tsipras will have all opposition in Parliament against him. But are also difficult times because many citizens will come to the streets to protest against the austerity and against what they regard as a violation of their social and professional rights, because of the new rescue plan.

With the contribution of Louis Twine

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