quarta-feira, 11 de maio de 2016

Brazil: President of the Senate maintains challenge process of Dilma

The President of the Brazilian Senate, Renan Calheiros, decided Monday to keep the process of request for dismissal of President Dilma Rousseff.

Fell to the Earth the last hope for Dilma because Calheiros ignored the request of the Acting President of the Chamber of Deputies, Waldir Maranhão, who wanted the Senate to return the process to the lower House of Congress to repeat the procedure.

Maranhão had annulled the dismissing application sessions of the President in the lower House, alleging procedural defects have occurred, notably the voting guidance given by some benches. According to the Acting President of the Chamber of Deputies, parties should not have imposed discipline to vote to its members and the members should not have anticip ated their positions publicly before the vote.

Dilma Rousseff inaugurated this Monday the new terminal from Santa Genoveva airport, in Goiânia. In the inauguration speech, the President said he will continue to fight against the forfeiture of term with all the legal instruments.

According to the constitutionalists, the impeachment process can only be reversed by a decision of the Supreme Court (STF), the highest instance of the Brazilian judiciary, from resources that can be presented by the Acting President of the Chamber of Deputies and the Government, because the Senate and House of representatives are independent.

On Wednesday, the Senate should put it to a vote to open proceedings against Rousseff. Only if it's voted by a majority of senators is that Dilma will be forced to leave office, being replaced by Vice-President Michel Temer for 180 days.

The Yes to the dismissal of the President won in the April 17 vote of the Chamber of Deputies with 367 votes in favour and 137 against. Rousseff needed at least 172 votes to halt the impeachment process of the mandate.

After the vote, the Supreme Court Justices Celso de Mello and Gilmar Mendes disproved the thesis of President Dilma Rousseff, who ranked the coup process of impeachment approved in the Chamber of Deputies. According to Celso de Mello and Gilmar Mendes, the process has respected the canons laid down in the Constitution and the rules defined by the SUPREME COURT.

In the process of impeachment, the President Dilma Rousseff was accused of allegedly violated the law of Fiscal responsibility to sign decrees of additional credit without authorization from Congress. He was also held responsible by the manipulation of public accounts by recourse to state-owned banks ' credit to finance social programmes (such as the Family allowance program) with implication in the State budget. For his political opponents, these practices were aimed at concealing the true state of the public accounts, exacerbating the economic crisis.

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