sábado, 25 de junho de 2016

British say no to Europe, Cameron Announces resignation, Scotland admits referendum

British voters decided that the United Kingdom should leave the European Union. In a referendum, this Thursday, 52% of the British said ' no ' to the European bloc, which will, from 28 to 27 States.

This morning, the British Prime Minister announced his resignation and will leave office in October. "The British have made a clear decision" and "the country needs new leadership to follow in the direction chosen," said David Cameron.

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Scotland and Northern Ireland they want to be in the EU

The results of the referendum put the politi cal division of the United Kingdom. While England and Wales voted in favour of the EU's output, Scotland and Northern Ireland want to remain in the European Union.

The head of Government in Scotland, Nicola Sturgeon, has already admitted the possibility of a new referendum for independence. The Irish party Sinn Fein (the IRA political arm) asked for a referendum on the unification of the two Counties.

In summary, the "no" to Europe won in England, with 53.4% of the vote and in Wales, with 52.5%. Unlike in Scotland, the majority of voters decided to stay in the European Union, with 62% of the votes, as in Northern Ireland, where 56% of voters are in favour of staying in the EU.

The reactions

The President of the European Council, Donald Tusk, said Friday that the current time is dramatic, especially to the United Kingdom, but that 27 are "determined to maintain unity".

The German Chancellor also called for solidarity among the countries of the Union but went even further in the analysis of the results of the referendum. For Angela Merkel, European citizens must feel that the European Union wants to improve our lives. " It is "the Mission of the EU and all Member States," stressed the German Chancellor.

In Portugal, the President of the Republic, Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa, said that the European project is still valid, despite the removal of the United Kingdom, but, must be rethought and reinforced.

The Portuguese Foreign Minister, Augusto Santos Silva, regretted, this Friday, the decision of the United Kingdom and has ensured that the interests of Portuguese communities in that country will be "protected and defended."

The winners

Former Mayor of London and likely successor to Cameron in the leadership of the Tories, Boris Johnson, hit by the departure of the United Kingdom, as the leader of the United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP), the Eurosceptic Nigel Farage, who has celebrated the result of the vote, saying that the referendum marks the "day of independence".

In France, the far-right party led by Marine Le Pen, said that it was the "victory of freedom" and proposes a similar referendum in France, about staying in the EU and in the euro zone.

Chronology of the referendum

To hold a referendum on the United Kingdom in the European Union was a promise by David Cameron, during the legislative campaign.

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