quarta-feira, 24 de setembro de 2014

Carbon emissions: how is Europe compared to the rest of the world?

To India, China and the United States saw increase their emissions in 2013, while the European Union registered a fall of around 1.8%, according to data from the Global Carbon Project (GCP).

The Organization's report was published before the UN climate summit in New York, where world leaders are trying to fix positions as a way of preparing for the big event on climate which will take place in Paris in 2015.

Scientists say that the current rate, to achieve the goal of maintaining the increase of global warming under 2 degrees celsius, humanity runs out, in 30 years, the remaining quota of CO2 emissions that are expected to increase 2.5 percent in 2014, according to researchers at the University of East Anglia.

According to the same source, China's emissions per person surpassed, for the first, the European Union. In this case, actually be higher than the EU-u.s. combined.

Measure-million tonnes of CO2. Source: Global Carbon Project.

The outgoing Commissioner for climate action (climate and energy) of the European Commission, wrote on Twitter that "the problem of climate change cannot be solved without a strong contribution from China". Connie Hedegaard said in a statement that: "more and more people throughout the planet, start to find out, the hard way, that climate change is no longer a long-term threat. Adding that, just two weeks ago, the regions of Jammu and Kashmir were hit by floods and other locations by drought. "It is clear that climate change has already begun."

In Europe, countries such as Spain, Romania, Greece, Lithuania, Bulgaria and United Kingdom managed to reduce CO2 emissions by 2013, compared with the previous 12 months, but it is necessary to take into account that the crisis also "killed" part of these countries ' industry, i.e. part of polluters.

The Germany, the biggest EU CO2 emitter, and the seventh largest in the world, saw their numbers rise 2.4%. The United Kingdom, Italy and France are also major polluters, although France was the only one of the three to register an increase.

The EU is committed to reduce carbon emissions by 20% on 1990 levels, by 2020.

Professor Pierre Friedlingstein, who works with the GCP and belongs to the University of Exeter, said:

"The time for a peaceful evolution in our attitudes, aiming to climate change has to happen now. Delaying action is not an option. We must act together and act quickly if we are to have a chance of avoiding climate change in the future but as long as we are alive.

"We've used two-thirds of the total amount of carbon that can burn, if we want to keep global warming under 2° c. If we continue at the current rate, we will reach our limit in less than 30 years and for that we need not be a continuous growth of CO2 emission levels. The implications of not acting immediately are worrisome. Or take the collective responsibility to make a difference, or it will be too late. "

Last may, a Eurostat report on the evolution of carbon dioxide emissions in the European Union, in 2013 (compared to 2012), gave an account overall decrease of 2.5%. Still, in Portugal, the reality was different, namely, increased 3.6%, one of the highest figures among the six Member States which registered increases.

Measure-million tonnes of CO2-Source: Global Carbon Project

Today, according to the report from the Global Carbon Project Portugal occupies the 13th place among the European countries more polluters and the 59th in world terms. Poluimos more than countries such as Sweden, Switzerland, Denmark and Cuba. Portuguese-speaking countries, easily explained by lower industrial development of most of these countries, only Brazil, which occupies the 12th position overall, exceeds Portugal on CO2 emissions.

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