quinta-feira, 4 de dezembro de 2014

Corruption: transparency international ranks Portugal in 36th place among 175 countries

The Denmark is, like last year, the country with least corruption in the world. The classification is established annually, according to an index of lack of corruption within political parties, police, the judiciary and the civil service departments of all countries. The Denmark, Finland and New Zealand lead the list of the most honest.

At the end of the list of 175 countries, which obeys a eight-point index, is North Korea of Kim Jong Un, side by side with Somalia. More than a dozen international institutions, notably the World Bank and the World Economic Forum, provide the data to analyse and establish the ranking.

From red to yellow, there is a "palette of nuances" in countries where there is more corruption-most countries in Africa and central Asia â€" and the countries with more virtue, which are those of Northern Europe. Portugal shares the 31 place and 63 points (out of 100, country fully transparent) with Botswana, Cyprus and Puerto Rico, getting six positions above Spain. Portugal is even more transparent than Italy and Greece and climbed two positions in the index of Perception of Corruption.

If the reading is made among the 28 countries of the European Union (EU) and the Western Europe, Portugal is located in the middle of the list, in 17th position, again ahead of countries like Italy, Greece, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Poland or Romania. Here, the lead is shared by Denmark, Finland and Sweden.

The Turkey is suffering the effects of the scandal of corruption that affected the Government of Recep Tayip Erdogan, last year. Investigation, formal charges known to politicians, but also arrests of journalists critical of the regime, contributed to the deterioration of the image of the country.

The Vice Chairman of transparency international, Elena Panfilova, talked to us from Moscow.

Andrei Belkevich, Euronews (EN): â€" who are the main winners and losers this year?

Elena Panfilova (EP), Vice President transparency international:-of course that there are no absolute winners in the fight against corruption because there are no countries that completely eliminate corruption. But, generally, are the same countries that occupy the top spots and alternate a few times. We can mention the Scandinavian countries and others who join them â€" Singapore, New Zealand and Canada-we call them leaders.

At the bottom of the list, are the countries where the situation is bad not only corruption but also in State mechanisms and the relationship between the State and society. Countries like these are at the bottom of the list.

EN: what were the countries that have changed, both positively and negatively?

EP: this year the Turkey and China have worsened considerably in the list. The Russia is marking time, many anti-corruption reforms are happening but only on paper. But there is no political will to use these wonderful laws, make them get out of their roles.

EN: in general you can say about the situation in the European Union? What's the dynamic? And whether it is possible to talk about an average of lack of corruption in Europe?

EP: generally is not bad. Of course, it is clear that a block of countries, older Member States keep their traditional places. Sometimes go up and down a little. But the new Member States have to gain ground, some manage to cope better others face some failures. The reason for this is same: anti-corruption reforms, real and stable, require a considerable period of time.

If You Enjoyed This, Take 5 Seconds To Share It