quarta-feira, 10 de dezembro de 2014

The adoption of the "Patriot Act" which allows anti-terrorism torture

On the same day of the attacks, then-President George w. Bush tried to reassure compatriots: "our country is strong. A great people joined to defend a great nation. The terrorist attacks can shake the foundations of our biggest buildings, but can never touch the foundations of America. "

The 26 of October of the same year, the then President of the United States signed the famous "USA PATRIOT Act" ("Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism", which translated to Portuguese results in something like Uniting and strengthening America through the use of appropriate tools for intercetar and stop terrorism "), an anti-terrorist law approved in advance by Congress.

At the time, considered the exception so new reinforced the power of security agencies of the United States. In particular, cemented the ties between the FBI, the Homeland Security Agency of the United States, and the CIA, NSA abroad.

The "Patriot Act" allowed lift legal restrictions to control private phone calls, e-mails, exchanges of medical records, banking and even in the absence of investigations endorsed: a provision deemed unconstitutional.

Viet Dinh was one of the architects of the "Patriot Act": "we had a system of authorizations for wiretaps that was already in 1968. The ' Patriot Act ' came allow authorisations in accordance with the law could follow the evolution of technology. "

Critics of the new anti-terrorism Act identified, however, a problem. "They didn't win leeway to investigate only the guilty, but, Yes, all persons about whom there was even suspicion. That's the problem. They opened the door to collect data of any person ", criticized Michael German, a former FBI agent and expert of the rights and freedoms of the American Civil Liberties Union.

With the "Patriot Act", the status of "enemy combatant" and "unlawful" combatant, allowing the United States to stop without any evidence of guilt all suspected terrorists.

At the end of 2006, George Bush ratified the "military commissions Act". With her, the President still authorized the use of harsh interrogations and military tribunals for suspected acts of terrorism.

Enacted six weeks after Bush admitted the existence of CIA interrogations in secret prisons abroad, the new law was denounced by the American Civil Liberties Union NGO like the legalization of torture, one of the most serious abuses of civil liberties in the history of the United States.

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