terça-feira, 1 de dezembro de 2015

Jim Yong Kim: "COP 21 is probably the most important meeting ever on climate change"

Tore, in Paris, the UN Climate Summit. The parties negotiate a deal to combat climate change, reducing emissions of greenhouse gases and support developing countries to tackle climate change. The World Bank has a role to play in this debate, as we have looked at in an interview with the President of the institution, Jim Yong Kim.

Jim Yong Kim, President of the World Bank â€" expectations are quite high. This is probably the most important meeting ever on climate change. So we have a lot of ambition. A few years ago, I never thought that there would be 180 concrete plans of various countries. Of 180 submitted plans called national contributions Certain, about 130 are from developing countries. View this level of ambition is truly impressive.

Euronews â€" what would you consider to be a success?

Jim Yong Kim-we need to have a great ambition. We need to tell the world that, in respect of these 180 plans, not only are we going to take on the task of putting them in motion, but also, in five years, we will evaluate them and see if we can be even more ambitious in the next five years. I can't believe we get a binding agreement on all targets. I think there will be something about the agreement, which will be binding and which will give the base to build something for a future.

Euronews â€" what would you consider a failure in this Summit?

Jim Yong Kim-the most important thing is that, in the early days, leaders must give very clear instructions to current negotiators to say: "we need to have an agreement by the end of this process."

Euronews-what role does the World Bank can play in this Conference?

Jim Yong Kim â€" our role has been the level of funding. We finished our annual meeting in Lima, in October, and we've put 29 1000 million dollars on the table. Was a good start. Not all the money is enough for 100,000 million, but a good portion contributes to the 100,000 million. Also we have made clear that we are interested in presenting new forms of financing. We are a Bank, we have a balance sheet, we can go to capital markets and raise funds. We are therefore prepared to consider all the innovative ways of financing the needs of the poorest countries to have access to sustainable energy. We are also fairly involved not only in relation to the preparation of national contributions, but we are also quite active in discussions with countries so that we can carry out immediate deployments.

Euronews-the World Bank also emphasized the fact that fighting climate change is a way to reduce inequalities.

Jim Yong Kim â€" Completely. We believe that the fight against climate change is closely linked to our two goals. One is the end of extreme poverty. The other is to reduce inequality, focusing on income of 40% lower in developing countries. There is no way to reach these goals without a fight against climate change. We just spread a report that suggests that if you don't attack aggressively climate change and if we don't do everything possible to mitigate and adapt to climate change, so an additional number of 100 million people will plunge into poverty by 2030. Our goal is to put an end to extreme poverty until 2030. In other words, if we do not adopt an aggressive approach in relation to climate change there is no way to achieve our purpose to eradicate extreme poverty.

Euronews-what kind of actions could be taken to combat climate change and reduce inequalities?

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