terça-feira, 23 de fevereiro de 2016

Guide to understand the elections in Iran

Parliament Will ratify the laws, international treaties, and approves the national budget. This organism gives vote of confidence to the Ministers, and can name them and removing them, and oversees the smooth running of the Government.

All persons wishing to participate in the legislative election, are, individually, in the Ministry of the Interior. Initially, committees created by the Ministry define the eligibility of candidates. This year, there were more than 12 1000 people at parliamentary elections in Iran, 90% applications were considered valid.

The expediency discernment Council of the Council of guardians of the Constitution, composed of 6 members of the Shia cleric and 6 civilian jurists examine the candidates ' loyalty to the r egime. This year, after a long process of choosing 51% of candidates were accepted. This means you will be able to get introduced to 6229 ballot citizens, of whom 586 are women.

The campaign officially starts this Thursday, February 18. The candidates have, like, a week to convince voters. Candidates who obtain at least 25% of the votes pass the second round. The great rivals this year are pró-Rouhani candidates and conservatives. However, the three main political guidelines of the Islamic Republic â€" the reformers, the moderates and the Conservatives â€" are "electoral fronts" and present their lists in each electoral district.

The reformists and moderates pró-Rouhani are in favour of the nuclear agreement and, based on the lifting of sanctions imposed on Iran, they promise an improvement of the econom ic situation of the country in the near future. Conservatives criticize the historic agreement and see it as a surrender to the pressures of the United States, blaming Rouhani failed policies and economic stagnation that the country lives. For them, the Supreme Leader, Ali Khamenei, is seen as the only one able to hold the position of regional power Iran.

The Assembly of experts is composed of 88 Faqihs (clerics), responsible for designating and monitoring the Supreme Leader in Iran, has more power than the President. The only time this institution to fulfil this right was in 1989, when the high dignitary of the Islamic Shiite religious hierarchy and founder of the Islamic Republic, Ruhollah Khomeini, died and that Ayatollah Ali Khamenei was appointed successor. Currently there are rumors that Khamenei might be sick and, therefore, all the political groups want to be represented in the Asse mbly in the case of Supreme Leader died before the next election. A new Assembly of experts is elected every eight years.

This year signed up 801 clerics for the Assembly of experts. However, the Guardians Council approved only 166 candidates. In 9 provinces only one candidate will seat in the Assembly.

The disqualification of Hassan Khomeini, religious reformers and grandson of the leader of Iran's revolution, was controversial. The Council of guardians controlled by conservatives. The Assembly of experts could play an important role in the event of the death of Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei. Hassan Khomeini was the hope of the moderates to stand in the upcoming elections.

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