terça-feira, 16 de fevereiro de 2016

The geopolitical chess Syrian conflict: U.S., Russia, Turkey and Saudi Arabia

The Syrian conflict has lasted for five years and resembles more and more a cold war. The Syria is today the epicenter of a battle that brings together various actors: the great powers and regional allies.

In recent statements, Moscow and Washington argued different strategies:

"Nobody wants a new war. A ground operation represents a long war, it must be taken into account, "the Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.

"There is the possibility of sending additional troops into the field to fight the Daesh movement," said John Kerry, u.s. Secretary of State.

The conflict rekindled anc ient hatreds. It became clear that the geopolitical interests of the parties involved are very different.

How it all began

Initially, it was the troops of Bachar Al Assad that launched an offensive against the rebels free army of Syria. However, other actors came on the scene, within the rebel movement itself, followed by the Islamic extremists of Daesh and by Kurds.

While Assad's army and the extremists of Daesh fight all groups involved in the conflict, the Kurds are concentrated the attacks on Muslim radical movement. The Syrian rebels are backed by the Kurds. A complex situation that climaxed with the entrance of the United States, Russia, Iran and Saudi Arabia.

Officially, each party has a common enemy: the Daesh. The United States-led coalition intends to fight Islamic extremists, such as Russia and Turkey. But on the ground, each country is guided by other objectives. The faithful ally of Russia, Syria, bombing the rebels essentially. The Turkey, NATO's second largest army, attack the Kurds.

Currently, war consists essentially of words and aerial bombardments. What will happen if Turkey move from words to deeds and send troops to the ground, exposing themselves to attack Russians? What will happen if the Saudi soldiers find themselves on the ground with regard to the Iranians?

For now, Saudi Arabia has just sent fighter planes to the Turkish base of Incirlik. The representative of the external policy of the country made it known that the Syrian Preside nt Bachar Al Assad is not part of the solution to the future of Syria.

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