quinta-feira, 19 de maio de 2016

Opening of the parliamentary year in the United Kingdom: what interested

Since the 16th century, the annual ceremony is an event that marks the present policy of the country. The Protocol exists in its present form since 1852, when the Palace of Westminster, the two houses of Parliament, were rebuilt after a fire. The centerpiece of the ceremony is the Queen's speech that is delivered to members of the House of Commons and House of Lords.

In the speech, the monarch sets out the Government's legislative priorities for the parliamentary year.

The ceremony brings together the monarchy, the elected members of the House of Commons, members of the House of Lords, the upper House of the Parliament, as well as the upper limbs of the judiciary and diplomatic service.

Certain traditions are still observed today by being purely ceremonial and not have a practical purpose.

For example, on the day of the event, the cellars of the Palace of Westminster are searched by the Queen's bodyguard, the oldest British military unit. This operation takes place since 1605 after a failed attempt led by English Catholics, including Guy Fawkes, to murder Protestants by blowing up the houses of Parliament.

The Queen is taken in a horse-drawn carriage, accompanied by the Royal consort â€" today the monarch's husband, the Duke of Edinburgh â€" Buckingham Palace to the entrance of Westminster. The Imperial Crown used by the sovereign travels in the carriage that opens the parade.

The gold, silver and Platinum, the Imperial Crown contains 5 rubies, emeralds, sapphires, 17 11 273 2,868 diamonds and pearls.

Once arriving at Westminster, the Queen wears the mantle in the Robing Chamber and puts the head the imperial crown. Then proceeds to the House of Lords, where the speech will take place.

When the monarch is ready, the ' Black Rod ' goes to the lower House, the House of Commons and calls members to the House of Lords. As they approach the common, the door closes, it symbolizes the independence of the Commons in relation to the Crown. The Black Rod then knocks on the door and is invited to scream: "ladies and gentlemen MPs the Queen commands this House and has the honor to participate, open immediately!" The members of Parliament walk, then in pairs to the House of L ords.

The speech delivered by the monarch is in fact fully prepared by the Office of the Prime Minister. It is traditionally written in a goatskin parchment, though in 2013 it has been changed. The scroll is delivered to knee bent by the Lord Chancellor, who then must walk backwards down the stairs to the throne, so as not to turn his back to the Queen, which would be a sign of disrespect.

Queen Elizabeth II was absent from this ceremony on two occasions due to pregnancy. It was in 1959 and 1963, when she was pregnant with Prince Andrew and after Prince Edward, respectively. The Lord Chancellor read so the discourse on these occasions.

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