quinta-feira, 28 de agosto de 2014

The portrait of the party that governs the Turkey

Founded on the ashes of the prosperity Party of Necmettin Erbakan, the AKP was born on August 14, 2001, driven by a young generation of politicians more modern, conducted by Erdogan. Defines itself as a conservative Democratic People's Party, with regard to fundamental rights and freedoms. An ideology that bore fruit quickly. A year after the establishment, the party won the legislative elections and two-thirds of the seats in Parliament. In 2003, Erdogan became Prime Minister and remained as party leader.

The world discovered this advantage resulting from political Islam, which takes on the governance of a secular country, but the AKP rejected this label. Was not made any reference to Islam in your program. Come to power with a social discourse, walked, step by step, to liberal and ultra-liberal practices

In 2008, the party suffered a setback. In the name of fundamental freedoms and democracy, tried to end the ban on the veil in universities. The Constitutional Court annulled the amendment, but did not accept the request of the opposition, who wanted the party to be banned for activities contrary to secularism.

Five years later, women wearing the veil appeared on the Chamber. For the first time in the history of the secular Turkish Republic, the Muslim women are allowed to wear the veil in Parliament and in public jobs.

These changes alienated the pró-laicismo, as the students who demonstrated against a project of suppression of the mixed dorms in State universities, last year. The strengthening of State control over the internet has been another contentious projects and not only outside the party.

In recent years, relations between the Prime Minister and the President Abdullah Gul deteriorated. Gul, co-founder of the party, criticized the authoritarian drift between the lines of Erdogan. So far the President will return to the AKP, which seems to anticipate a power struggle with Erdogan.

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