quinta-feira, 4 de setembro de 2014

Crisis between Ukraine and Russia dominates NATO Summit

There are several matters on the agenda but the conflict between Russia and Ukraine promises to haunt the Summit. According to statements by Russian President Vladimir Putin could be to brief political agreement with the Ukrainian President, Petro Poroshenko.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization will decide a plan in response to the Russian attitude in the Ukrainian crisis, which is seen as a direct threat by some of its members such as the Baltic States, Poland, Bulgaria and Romania. This plan includes the creation of a rapid intervention force, so as to be able to put, in Eastern Europe, about 4 thousand soldiers in 48 hours, if appropriate.

The Atlantic Alliance has to decide, even if will provide sophisticated weapons to Kiev and impose stricter sanctions on Moscow.

On the table is, too, the situation in Syria and Iraq, with the armed organization, known as the Islamic State, to increase the influence in the region.

The United States of America will ask our partners to NATO draw up an international strategy to combat the "jihadists" of ISIS. Washington expects the allies to approve a plan of bombing against various Islamist positions.

The leaders will talk, too, about the NATO withdrawal from Afghanistan.

More than a decade after the military intervention in the country the Alliance provides the output at the end of this year, despite the political instability continue to cause concern. The quizília between the two presidential candidates do fear the return of the Taliban to the territory.

At the end of the Summit Anders Fogh Rasmussen says goodbye to the post of Secretary-General, he has held since 2009. From 1 October the former Norwegian Prime Minister, Jens Stoltenberg, heading up the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Russia: "we're not concentrating troops on the border"

Alexander Grushko/Russia's Ambassador to NATO (AG/Ambassador): "never raised the question of organizing a joint Summit. And then, in April, NATO members have withdrawn unilaterally from the cooperation projects with Russia, the issue really lost any relevance. Let them discuss their problems among themselves. "

AG/Ambassador: "we believe that it is absolutely negative. We don't hide that this is our position. Already expressed many times our concern with the recent increased activity along the borders with Russia, both on land, as in the air and at sea. That worries us for many reasons. Firstly, because there is no reason to increase the activities of NATO ".

AG/Ambassador: "these concerns are completely unfounded. Already proved many times that all these alleged facts that speak to NATO and several European Governments, are not real facts, but invented reports. We're not concentrating troops on the border, nor moving military equipment that might be considered destabilizing. Generally speaking, I think this attitude is, in large part, related to certain phobias and not with real security problems. Phobias can not be resolved by strengthening the means of combat, such as troops and tanks. That's why many countries should better analyze the problems that exist in their societies. "

AG/Ambassador: "in the current situation, NATO chose a path that could seriously weaken the regional and global security. On the one hand, NATO initiated military preparations against Russia. On the other hand, NATO is undermining its own ability to cooperate with Russia on issues that cannot resolve alone efficiently. Are problems that require it to work in conjunction with the international powers, including Russia. "

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