quinta-feira, 12 de fevereiro de 2015

No end in sight the tragedy of illegal immigration

2014 was a record year with 170 thousand immigrants to reach the Italian coast and 2015 promises to be worse.

3200 people died in 2014. Since January, according to the Italian Interior Ministry, have arrived aliens 3528, i.e. 40% more than in the first month of last year.

The situation is complicated by the fall of 2013. Two shipwrecks off the coast of Lampedusa and Malta, have caused the deaths of nearly 400 people.

The tragedy obliges Italy to react. Rome asks for help to its European partners but ultimately act alone.

In October creates the mission "Mare Nostrum", which takes in financial and logistical terms. This is how you can prevent the deaths of thousands of people but the costs are unaffordable. About 9 million Euros per month, 114 million a year, a price that Italy is not willing to continue to pay, despite criticism. The mission is abandoned in October 2014.

Is Europe's turn to take charge of the matter, as announced, in a press conference by the European Commissioner in charge, at the time, by internal affairs and the Italian Minister of the Interior:

"Frontex will replace the Mare Nostrum, though not along the same lines. The Mare Nostrum was a very ambitious operation and we don't know if we have the means to do exactly what Italy was doing ", said Commissioner Cecilia Malmström.

The Mission has just rebranded: Operation Triton, with a budget of 2.9 million euros per month and many limitations.

19 countries participating, on a rotating basis, two each month. Portugal is one of them. Feature two large vessels, four patrol boats, two planes and a helicopter. Insufficient front drama presents to them.

The operation Triton is not a rescue mission. The main objective is the surveillance and border control in Italian territorial waters. Still, in most cases, the priority is to save lives.

The ships are in sinking areas, but there are few to deal with the increasing number of accidents.

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