sábado, 8 de agosto de 2015

Suez Canal in focus

The Egypt inaugurated the extension of an essential route in world trade. The expansion of the Suez Canal is a result of the commitment of President Al-Sisi to take the country out of crisis, assuming as a natural successor to nasser. Switzerland: TSR television report

Nobody thought the project would be completed so quickly. However, less than a year after the start of construction, the Suez Canal has already a second waterway. The achievement was the result of the will of one man, the President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi. Here we see him as a Pharaoh in the orchestrated promenade nautico.

-The Egyptians made a great effort to offer this gift to the country, to the world, to humanity. A gift for prosperity and for engineering. I, Abdel Fatah al-Sisi, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, I declare the reopening of the Suez Canal. Long live Egypt!

The Suez Canal is, above all, a strategic and commercial axis that connects the Red Sea to the Mediterranean. Is one of the more imporantes waterways in the world. It is also a powerful stimulant for national pride and, therefore, a political instrument. Al Sisi has understood this, although it was not the first.

In 1956, Gamal Abdel Nasser, just coming into power nationalized canal, until then under franco-British control, with the goal of revitalizing the economy and, at the same time, strengthen the mandate, enlivening the nationalism against the threat of Islam.

The current President plays the strategy. Tourism revenues have dropped since the revolution. And the Islamists are attacks to Abdel Fatah al-Sisi's urgent turn channel sand into gold, but also in concrete to unite the nation.

The ceremony reflected the national pride of the Egyptians at the end of a remarkable project. And, by order of the President, the works were carried out with surprising speed. France 2 focuses on the steps of this colossal work:

A spectacular ceremony to release the work image a year ago by the Egyptian President Al-Sisi. The face of TV cameras, a choreography of backhoes and bulldozers. The machines worked until the last moment, before the party. The engineers and workers won the bet: performed the work in record time, in a year, instead of the three planned. It cost 7.5 billion euros, financed in large part by the savings of the Egyptians.

With 145 years old, the channel was narrow. It took some points extend, especially where it was necessary to dig a new 35 km route, until now the channel could only a single direction, forcing the boats to circulate alternately. Lost precious time. The new route allows the boats to travel in both directions.

The colossal work is now the pride of the Egyptians:

It's like a dream. No one believed in a realization that fast.

This new channel is, for us, as a fourth pyramid and will boost foreign investment in the country.

Everybody's hope is to revive the Egyptian economy. The goal is to double, until 2023, traffic of boats as the revenue generated.

But there is a downside. The threat of the self-proclaimed Islamic State, which has combatants about 170 km, in Sinai. Egyptian fiezarm all authorities to ensure security, with draconian measures.

Cairo wants to double the traffic in the coming years, but the experts are less optimistic. Some point to a very large cost of despair, a waste, but that the growth of world trade stagnated. The economic issues with TVE, Spanish national television:

Larger and wider, behold the new Suez Canal. Representatives from a hundred countries, with enhanced security, witnessed this second renewal, a century and a half after the first. Through the channel, the navigation can now go from 50 to 100 boats a day. Twice as fast.

It's going to be positive for the boats, because they will save time and time is money. We're going to win big with the rights of passage.

Of the 4.8 billion in annual revenue generated by the channel breaks for a profit of 12 billion until 2023. The work was completed in less than a year.

The work was financed by bonds issued by the Government, purchased by the Egyptians:

-I'm very proud to be a small part of this great project.

After so long in the economic crisis, the Government of Al-Sisi sees the channel as an opportunity to revive the country.

-Hope this helps tourism. My husband is a tour guide and has less work than before. I also hope to bring new opportunities to my two sons, engineers.

Some analysts think the impact on the Egyptian economy will be limited, at least in the short term, and may have been exaggerated for political reasons.

-Most importantly, maybe it's not the economy but the idea that this is a national project, with obvious political and social effects.

The opening day is public holiday in Egypt.

The construction of the canal dates back to the mid-19th century. The France played a leading role through the figure of a diplomat and entrepreneur Ferdinand de Lesseps. Diving in the intricacies of the story with the development of the France 3:

In the desert of Egypt, many faced the project like a mirage, unworkable. Closer to the East of the West have the Pharaohs did, two thousand years before Jesus Christ, with a canal linking the Red Sea to the Nile. Spices and silks to be entered there by the end of the Roman Empire.

Forgotten, buried in the sand, the canal project was recovered by Napoleon Bonaparte, in campaign in Egypt. Its engineers abandoned a few metres between the two seas.

Ferdinand de Lesseps, kept the idea. Vice Consul of France in Egypt, took the opportunity of the arrival to the throne of his friend Saïd Kedif.

Arnaud Fortanier, Association of Ramiere Lesseps:

*-Saïd Pasha had one ambition: the independence of the Ottoman Empire. for he would only be possible with the internationalization of Egypt, making the channel Found the right man, which was his percetor. "

Ferdinand de Lesseps obtained a lease of 99 years. Took over the construction through the Universal Company of the Suez Canal and Egypt provided the land and labor. To finance the company, De Lesseps apresesentou the project throughout Europe, trying to convince to buy stocks. But only the French have participated. 84,000 shares were without subscription.

At that time, once again, the friendship was stronger and Saïd Pasha has funded 44% at fault for the work to begin.

The first excavations began in April 1859, thanks to the strength of men and camels. To dig the 160 km between the Red Sea and the Mediterranean, Ferdinand de Lesseps diverted water from the Nile to the middle of the future canal. Fed still with water natural cavities and dry Lakes. There were only 80 km on each side, which was fast thanks to the first steam engines.

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