terça-feira, 8 de março de 2016

EU and Turkey agree plan systematic repatriation of migrants

The Turkey accepts to become the "anteroom" of immigration to Europe after 12 hours of discussions in Brussels.

Ankara and the European Union arrived tonight, an agreement in principle on a set of measures to stem the flow of migrants between the Turkish coasts and Greece.

The understanding, which includes the systematic referral of stowaways to the Turkey-and the "return" of asylum applicants for stowaways thrown out-should be subjected to 28 during the next European Council on 17 and 18 March.

"The Turkish Prime Minister confirmed his commitment to accept the quick return to the country of all migrants who came to Greece and that do not require internation al protection. The European Union will support Greece, ensuring rapid and large-scale repatriations to the Turkey. All these decisions are intended to send a strong message that the days of irregular migration to Europe has come to an end ", stressed the President of the European Council, Donald Tusk.

In Exchange, Ankara expects the EU liberalizing visas for Turkish citizens till June, reopen the file of accession of Turkey to the EU and unlock more than 3 1000 million euros in supplementary aid (beyond other 3.3 1000 million already agreed in September).

"Our goal is to discourage illegal migration, prevent trafficking in human beings, help people who want to settle in Europe, encouraging legal migration, a disciplined and regular way," said the Turkish Prime Minister, Ahmet Davutoglu.

The agreement, however, leaves several questions unanswered, such as the fact that Turkey not be recognized as a "safe country" by several humanitarian organizations, pointing to the absence of a national system of managing asylum applications.

A report by the EU drugs agency for judicial cooperation, Eurojust, disseminated by the site Politico.eu also raises questions about the lack of "political will" and Turkey's infrastructure to cope with the influx of refugees.

The document stresses that, unlike the EU, the need that migrants leave the Turkey is an idea advocated by the Government and the Turkish people â€" that is, support the dealers who allow the migrants leave the country ".

In the final document of the meeting on Monday, the European Union undertakes, for its part, to speed up the allocation of 160 1000 migrants program by the Member States and to strengthen the control of maritime borders with NATO support.

Brussels expects the measures to raise the barriers to free movement within the Schengen area, from Austria to Hungary, by the end of the year.

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